The Railway Reconstruction Bureau under the Ministry of Transportation and Communications has put out several renewing projects for it's route designing and station location selection in the recent years, the messages has taken social medias by storm and the public attention has arroused, especially by two major kinds of renewing projects: the Grade Separation Project, including Railway Elevation and Underground Project, and the Railway Rapid Transit Systematization Project.
These projects are designed to improve the current conditions of transportation, encourage the expansion of industries, increase space for other projects to ameliorate the urban environment while the railway has been elevated or built underground, etc. However, several controversies has came from the implementation of these projects as well, and many of them are derived from the misunderstoods of the technologies, concepts, and designs related to these projects.
The target which this article aiming, is from conceptional, historical, technological and implementational point of views to compose a simple research on these projects, to clarify their sequences, and make it possible to serve as a foundation of future popularization of clear understadings on these projects, after all the misundertoods and disputes are amended, the railway transportation could truly became the power that pushes the metropolitan development, so do I prospect.
I've diveded the body of this article into two major parts. the first part is focus on the Grade Separation Project, it discussing histories, examples and outcomes of grade seperations of railway networks at the beginning, take a look at what Taiwanese railway industry have experienced, analysing two problems that often being mentioned on the media articles related to the project, the diviation of living sphere, traffic congestions caused by the ground railways, and compare the elevation and underground method at the end of this part.The second part is focus on the Railway Rapid Transit Systematization Project, it discussing the traditional positions of the Traditional Railway System and the Mass Rapid Transit System on a divided work, investigate around the prospects of the project such as stimulaton of urban divisional developments, diversion of passenger flow, decentralization of major transportation terminals and so on, analysis of the difficulties the project will face in Taiwan at the end.