TESOL/配對談話: 如何跟其他人第一次談話

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程度[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

具備基礎到中上程度

初學者: 使用對話詞語,在對話前和中途穿插來練習

進階者: 如彼此較不相熟或是隔一段時間見面的學生,亦可用於作課程暖身使用

活動種類[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

口說活動

語言結構和功能[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

使用自然語言 如 當基本程度學生遇到新對象 詢問 "你是哪裡人" "你的工作是什麼?" 等等 ; 中上程度的學生避免使用任何文化性上的無禮語詞 如 " 啥?" 來對一個陌生人

需求時間[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

每個學生兩到三分鐘

事先準備[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

確認教室空間是否足夠且不會產生大量的回音。

可選擇性使用有娛樂效果的小道具,如鈴噹或是計時器,來提醒彼此互換對話。提供圖片或是影像來解釋對話交換的模式讓學生理解 (如下方)。對於中度程度以下的學生,可以用母語解釋,使其更加理解。此練習最好不要當作課程第一個教學活動,對於半途加入的學生比較不會造成困擾,如果有學生加入或必須中途離席,老師可自行決定看如何處理。

活動計畫[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Optional - Elicit common things to say to someone you are meeting for the first time. If S says "What is your name?" tell them it is more polite to say "Hello I'm Charlie" and wait for the other person to reply with their name.

Optional - Have all SS write their own answer to the question "What do you do?" and check their answers e.g. "I'm at X High School in 11th grade." "I'm studying Y at Z University." "I graduated in Biology and now I'm looking for a job." "I'm looking for a job in sales/tourism/teaching." "I'm studying for the university entrance exam/civil service exam" "I'm an accountant at Strong Steel Works." "I work in sales and marketing." "I just left school and I'm doing my military service this summer." "I'm looking after my young children/elderly mother." "I'm retired." "I'm doing a masters degree." "I'm studying at home with the Open University." "I'm PA to the CEO of Megabank." For more complicated job titles you may have to note them in L1 and ask an L2 native speaker before the next lesson.

Optional - elicit the advantages (more S speaking time, shy S may not like speaking in big group, common in real life) and disadvantages (teenagers may be shy of opposite gender, T cannot hear all mistakes, other S might be boring, can't think of anything to talk about) of speaking in pairs.

Optional - ask SS to think about how everyone could talk individually to every other person one time only.

Ask SS how many they are, then if they are an odd or even number.

If some SS are new to this activity explain the rotation (see below) or for higher level ask a S who has done it before to explain it in L2.

Have the SS line up in 2 lines (standing or sitting) facing each other a little apart from the SS either side thus:

S1 S2 S3 S4

S8 S7 S6 S5

(in case of an odd number of SS the T is in the place of one end S, e.g. T replaces S8 above)

Explain that each S will talk to the S opposite for 2 minutes (obviously if you have a big class 1 minute may be all you can allow or for a small class 3 minutes may be possible) so S1 will talk to S5, S2 to S6 etc; and that they will stop when you ring the bell, clap hands or whatever. And that EXCEPT FOR ONE END PERSON (S8 or T in the example above) they will move one place clockwise thus:

S7 S1 S2 S3

S8 S6 S5 S4

Explain the SS should talk naturally to each other. For lower level SS you may need to elicit some smalltalk (Hello I'm Fred, I'm Joe, Where are you from?, I'm from Bafra, and you?) and if necessary write it on the board. Make a mental (or written) note of which S is S1. For an odd number of SS you may need to remind them that you are trusting them not to talk in L1 as you will be in the activity.

Tell the SS they can start talking to the S opposite. For an even number of SS the T can move round listening, noting mistakes and encouraging. Otherwise the T will be talking to one S but keeping an eye on the other SS and the time.

After 2 minutes (or whatever interval you have decided on) stop the SS and get their attention. Praise any good language you have heard and model corrections or new phrases.

Examples:

"I heard someone say 'My mother is a housewife.' but 'housewife' is an old word we don't use much now. What other word could we use? T writes on board 'My mother is a homemaker.'"

"Chloe said something very good - can you tell us Chloe - what do you do for fun?"

"OK you are all very good at 'Where are you from?, I am from Samsun.' Now you can use the word 'whereabouts' How can we use 'whereabouts'?" - T writes on board 'Whereabouts in Samsun do you live? I live on campus. I live in Atakum near the Yeşilyurt mall.'

Get SS (EXCEPT ONE) to move one place clockwise and repeat until S1 is about to talk to the fixed person again. In that way all SS should have talked to each other once.

變化性[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

附錄[编辑 | 编辑源代码]