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模板:Str mid

來自維基學院
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Usage[編輯原始碼]

Characters in the source string are counted: the first is index 1, the last one is index length of string. The substring requested can be defined by these two indexes. Also, the substring can be defined by one index, and the substring length. The options are: {{str mid|<string>|<index of first character>|<length of substring>|<index of last character>}} It returns a part of the <string>, starting with character on position index, length <sublength>, last character returned is end index.

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|5|3}} → efghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

If parameter 2 is omitted, start is from character 1:

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz||5}} → Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

If parameter 3 is omitted, the whole rest of the string is returned:

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|15}} → opqrstuvwxyz

Counting from the end[編輯原始碼]

By entering a negative value, the index is counted from the end:

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|-7|4}} → tuvwxyz
  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|-7}} → tuvwxyz

Instead if substring length, use index for last character[編輯原始碼]

By using parameter |4=n, a number, you do not ask for substring length, but the last character (as counted from the start of the input string):

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|5||7}} → efghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

Spaces are kept[編輯原始碼]

In the returned substring, spaces are kept:

  • >{{str mid|I like this.|2|6}}< → >like this,<

But the input string is trimmed:

  • >{{str mid| I like this. |2|6}}< → >like this.<

Error messages[編輯原始碼]

When the ranges (either param2 or the substring length) is out impossible in the string, an error is returned:

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|30}} → 字符串模塊出錯:截取字符串索引脫離區間
  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|0|45}} → efghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

The error can be suppressed by using |ignore errors=true. A blank (empty string) will be returned:

  • {{str mid|Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz|0|45|ignore errors=true}} → efghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

Error category[編輯原始碼]

  • |no category=true switches off category adding.
  • |error category=[[Category:Your category name]] sets the category to be added when in case of an error.
Default is Category:Errors reported by Module String.

See also[編輯原始碼]