人教社英语义务教育教材单词短语/八下Unit 4

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1、           Why don't you do sth? = Why not do sth?为什么不做…?

2、           What's wrong with you? What's the trouble with you? 怎么了?

= sth wrong with ….某方面出问题

3、           允许allow: allow doing sth 允许做某事 

allow sb to do sth = be allowed to do sth.允许某人做某事

4、           talk about谈论关于   know about = learn about 了解 

argue about争吵关于…  discuss about讨论关于…

5、           look through浏览   look over检查身体  look into 调查look out of…从…往外看 look forward to doing 盼望做某事 look up sb欣赏某人/look down on sb轻视某人

6、           a big deal一件重要的事     如何处理:①How….deal with   ②What… do with

7、           be good at…= do well in… 擅长   spend time alone 独处

8、           say hello/sorry/goodbye/thanks to sb对某人问好/抱歉/告别/感谢

9、           be nice/friendly/kind/good to sb对某人好

10、       公平:fair形   unfair反   fairly副   fairness名

11、       work out the problem = solve the problem解决问题    work out fine效果好

12、       get on/along well with sb和某人相处的好     get enough sleep有足够的睡眠

13、       find sb doing sth. 发现某人在做某事  there be sb doing sth.有某人在做某事

14、       relations between A and B   A和B之间的关系

15、       communicate with sb.和某人沟通交流   = have a communication with sb

16、       argue with sb  = have an argument with sb和某人争吵

17、       云:cloud cloudy多云的(形)  

a big, black cloud hanging over our home一大片黑云笼罩我们家上空

18、       elder brother 哥哥  eldest sister 大姐

19、       instead of (sth/doing sth) …. = rather than (do sth) 而不是

20、       whatever = no matter what无论什么

21、       feel nervous感觉紧张    be nervous about…为…而担忧

22、       offer sb sth = offer sth to sb主动给某人提供某物

offer to do sth.主动做某事 offer to help others主动帮助别人

23、       in a proper way 以适当的方式   refuse to do sth.  拒绝做某事 

24、       firstly,首先 secondly, 其次thirdly, 第三 finally最后

25、       on the one hand, 一方面   on the other hand.另一方面

26、       解释:explain:V   explanation  N  explain sth to sb给某人解释…

27、       make it clear for sb to do sth. 做某事对某人来说很清楚  

make sth clear使…更清晰、明朗

28、       get into the trouble with police 和警察发生纠纷 

get into a good university上一个好大学  

29、       get into a fight with sb= fight with sb = have a fight with sb和某人打架

30、       copy others' homework吵别人的作业

31、       return = come/get back from返回  return to sp返回某地

return sth to sb = give sth back to sb把…归还某人  

32、       not… anymore  = not …any longer不再

33、       be afraid of sb/sth 害怕…  be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 

be afraid of doing sth.担心某事发生

34、       be a member of…成为…的一员 = join…加入…

35、       压力:press:V(按、压)   pressure:N    blood pressure血压   

under too much pressure give sb a lot of pressure   cause a lot of pressure造成很多压力

put pressure on sb 给某人施加压力

36、       compete A with B.    A和B竞争  competition:N竞赛 

competitor:N竞争者         competitive:有竞争力的(形)

judge the swimming competition裁判游泳比赛

37、       in one's opinion = in one's eyes依我的观点  personally speaking 个人而言  

in conclusion = in a word总之    have/hold different opinions有/持不同的观点

38、       spoken English 英语口语.  English-speaking countries 讲英语的国家

speaking skill口语技能    exam skill考试技能

39、       let the kids be kids 让孩子顺其自然  

40、       send kids to all kinds of classes送孩子上各种课程

41、       take part in after-school activities 参加课外活动 

have/take after-school program/classes参加课外项目/课外课

42、       成功:success: N   successful:形   successfully副    succeed动  

a great success一次巨大的成功  a successful man一个成功人士  

do sth successfully =  succeed in doing sth.成功做某事

43、       a typical American family一个典型的美国家庭    

44、       take sb to...   football training带某人参加足球训练

45、       not…until… 直到…才    have a quick dinner很快地吃晚餐

46、       Competition starts very young and continue until the kids get older.

竞争在年轻时开妈,一直持续到孩子长大

47、       cut off切除、切掉   cut out删除   cut down砍倒  

48、        turn down 拒绝、关小  turn over翻转

49、       快quick/quickly(动作快)   fast (形/副:速度快) 

soon (副:时间快)    sooner or later迟早、不久

50、       继续做某事:continue to do sth = continue doing sth.

51、       继续做某事:go on doing sth(同一件事)   go on to do sth.(另一件事)

52、       compare A with B. 把A和B对比   compare A to B:把A比作B

53、       be crazy about… 对…着迷  be excited about…对…兴奋  

be angry at…对…生气 be surprised at…对…惊讶

54、       pull…out of… 把…拉出来   push sb to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 

55、       Don't push their kids so hard  不要逼他们的孩子太紧

56、       develop:发展V   形:developing发展中的 developed 发达的 development:N

  develop children's independence培养孩子的独立性 

with the development of…随着…的发展

57、       as usual 像往常一样  usual(形)  unusual(反)  usually(副) 

58、        a few more days几天

59、       可能(副):perhaps probably   maybe

60、       look for differences and similarities between A and B.

在A和B之中找不同与相同之处。