维基学院:假定善意

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您可以協助發展本提案分享您的看法或是討論是否成為維基學院的方針指引程序。引用與連結本頁面時,應描述本頁面為「提案」。

假定善意是維基學院的基本原則。既然我們允許任何人進行編輯,也就是說我們假設所有人的編輯都是善意而非刻意破壞維基學院的。如果我們不信任任何人,那麼像維基學院一樣的項目從一開始便注定是失敗的,這原則也叫第一信任原則。

When you can reasonably assume that a mistake someone made was a well-intentioned attempt to further the goals of the project, correct it without criticizing. When you disagree with someone, remember that they probably believe that they are helping the project. Consider using talk pages to explain yourself, and give others the opportunity to do the same. This can avoid misunderstandings and prevent problems from escalating.

新手的行为在他自己看来可能合适,而当出现相关问题时,通常意味着他们不了解或误解维基学院的独特文化。新手往往相信某些不熟悉的方针应该更新,让条例就如他们认定的那样正确地运作,这并非罕见的事。特别是在他们发现涉及的方针的分歧已达到一定程度的时候。类似地,许多新手具备经验和专业知识,他们期望自己的贡献能被接受而毋用遭受质疑。在这些方面出现的行为,可能被误导,但通常是没有恶意的,因此不假定他们怀有恶意。许多对维基学院惯例缺乏直观理解的新手一旦对维基学院方针和指引背后的逻辑更加清楚了解,他们就会渐渐改变观点。

当编辑者的行为显然与项目的目标背道而驰时,编辑者的行为不能再被假定善意。Actions inconsistent with good faith contributions to the project's goals include vandalism, sockpuppetry, and other clear instances of intentional deceit.

Assuming good faith also does not mean that no action by editors should be criticized, but instead that criticism should not be attributed to malice unless there is specific evidence of malice. Accusing the other side in a conflict of not assuming good faith, without showing reasonable supporting evidence, is another form of failing to assume good faith.

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