钆化合物列表

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本列表收录钆元素的化合物,包含已有文献记载的化合物与原创研究。

格式:[化学式],[颜色],mp.[熔点,°C],bp.[沸点,°C],(dec)/dec.[分解温度],subl.[升华温度],d[温度,°C].[密度,g·cm−3],{结构},[溶解性],[化学活性(仅限于常见物质,如空气、水)、毒性],[参考文献]

列表[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  • GdF3,mp.1231,{六方},[W]
  • GdOF,{斜方},[W]
  • GdCl3,mp.602,{六方},[W]
  • GdBr3,mp.785,{FeCl3},[W], [T]
  • GdI3,mp.931,{六方},[W]
  • Gd2O3,白色,mp.2390,[W]
  • Gd(OH)3,白色固体,难溶于水,[W]
  • Gd2O(OH)2(OOH)2,白色,[W]
  • GdSe,黄色至红紫色,[G3]
  • Gd3Se4,黄棕色,[G3]
  • Gd2Se3,棕红色,d.7.39,{U2S3,Pbnm},[G3]
  • GdSe1.8,d.7.20,[G3]
  • Gd2O2Se,灰色或米黄色,d.7.86,[G3]
  • Gd2(SeO4)3·7H2O,白色,[G3]
  • Gd2(SeO4)3·8H2O,d.3.38,[G3]
  • GdNO3(Se2O5)·3H2O,{P212121},[G3]
  • GdSeI,棕黑色,[G3]
  • Gd2S3Se0.5,d.6.34,[G3]
  • GdTe,蓝色或暗紫色,{NaCl},[G2]
  • Gd3Te4,深灰色,[G2]
  • Gd2Te3,浅灰色,[G2]
  • Gd4Te7,浅灰色,[G2]
  • GdTe2,灰色,d.8.1,[G2]
  • Gd2Te5,浅金色,[G2]
  • GdTe3,金色,[G2]
  • Gd2O2Te,深棕色或浅绿色,d.8.00,[G2]
  • Gd2TeO5,白色,[G2]
  • Gd2Te4O11,d.6.71,[G2]
  • Gd2(TeO3)3,白色,[G2]
  • Gd2TeO6,白色,d.7.27,[G2]
  • Gd2(TeBr6)3·24H2O,红色晶体,mp.225,d.2.925,潮解性,[G2]
  • Gd2(SO4)3·8H2O,无色,{单斜},[W]
  • Gd2Po3,mp.1635,红色荧光,[W]
  • Gd2(C2O4)3(H2O)6·nH2O,无色晶体,[1]
  • Gd(C5H5)3,黄色,mp.350,subl.220(10−3~10−4 mmHg),[W]
  • (C5H5)2GdCl,无色,dec.140,[W]
  • (CH3C5H4)2GdCl,无色,mp.188-197,[W]
  • Gd(C9H7)3(OC4H8) ,淡绿色[W]
  • Li3Gd3Te2O12,白色,[G2]
  • GdB2,{AlB2},[G1]
  • GdB4,蓝色晶体,[G1]
  • GdB6,蓝色,d.5.325,[G1]
  • GdB66,{YB66},[G1]
  • {[Gd2(CO3)(C2O4)2(H2O)2]·3H2O}n,无色晶体,{三斜,P1},[2]

参考文献[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

文献[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  1. Tamain, C.; Arab-Chapelet, B.; Rivenet, M.; Legoff, X. F.; Loubert, G.; Grandjean, S.; Abraham, F. Coordination Modes of Americium in the Am2(C2O4)3(H2O)6·4H2O Oxalate: Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Spectroscopic Characterizations and Comparison in the M2(C2O4)3(H2O)6·nH2O (M = Ln, An) Series. Inorganic Chemistry. 2015, 55 (1): 51–61. ISSN 0020-1669. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01781. 
  2. Tang, Qun; Yang, Yan-Li; Zhang, Ning; Liu, Zheng; Zhang, Shu-Hua; Tang, Fu-Shun; Hu, Jia-Yi; Zheng, Yan-Zhen; Liang, Fu-Pei. A Multifunctional Lanthanide Carbonate Cluster Based Metal–Organic Framework Exhibits High Proton Transport and Magnetic Entropy Change. Inorganic Chemistry. 2018, 57 (15): 9020–9027. ISSN 0020-1669. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b01023. 

字母注释[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  • E:实验
  • G1:Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry - 8th Edition. Sc, Y, La-Lu RARE EARTH ELEMENTS. C11a Compounds with Boron. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 1990. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-07503-6.
  • G2:Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry - 8th Edition. Sc, Y, La-Lu RARE EARTH ELEMENTS. C10 Compounds with Te, Po. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 1987.doi:10.1007/978-3-662-06366-8.
  • G3:Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic Chemistry - 8th Edition. Sc, Y, La-Lu RARE EARTH ELEMENTS. C9 Compounds with Se. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 1986.doi:10.1007/978-3-662-06345-3.
  • T:Simon Cotton. Lanthanide and Actinide Chemistry - Inorganic Chemistry - A WILEY TEXTBOOK SERIES. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2006. ISBN: 9-78-0-470-01006-8.
  • W:无机化学丛书. 第七卷. 钪 稀土元素. 科学出版社