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维基学院:研究范围

来自维基学院


维基学院计划的提案,包含了维基学院计划中,对于研究所扮演的角色。许多学术研究活动的类型,自然会产出尚未存在于之前出版来源存在的新知识。为了鼓励与管理这类研究,如何让这些研究活动满足维基学院所设立的研究指引,成为了一种挑战与潜在的问题。维基学院的参与者进行了广泛的学术研究活动,以支持维基学院的教育使命。然而,并不是所有类型的研究适合维基学院。本页面提供各种适用于维基学院研究活动种类的例子,并列出不能接受的研究类型。

次级研究[编辑源代码]

针对已存在的知识进行学术评价(次级研究、文献探讨)是许多维基学院教育活动的一个组成部分。维基学院促进与孕育基于维基学院参与者学习目标的探索,而发起的所有这些二次研究,即使这会产生“新颖的论述与诠释”。

维基学院要求所有维基学院参与者必须要列明可靠与可查证的来源例子)。次级研究是维基学院编辑者的基础技巧。部分文献探讨会无缝融合成持续性教育导向的研究计划,更进一步就会产生新的原创研究成果(例子)。

原创研究[编辑源代码]

数种原创研究计划类型,已经在英语维基学院开始进行。部分计划转向维基内部,探索维基为基础的学习社群动态。如今,许多大型公开数据库已经上线。部分维基学院研究计划鼓励维基学院参与者探索线上数据库,并借由搜集从其他数据库搜集而来的资料进行研究。其他计划则号召维基学院参与者收集新的资料。

以下是被认为是维基学院研究范围,且已经开始进行的原创研究例子。(请添加其他非英语维基学院的例子。)

维基上的研究[编辑源代码]

Some original research activities are directed towards introspective analysis of how wikis can be used as a tool to support learning. Examples:

Developing Wikiversity through action research in its largest sense, the question this project will address is "Why Wikiversity?" In other words: why does Wikiversity exist, and what does its existence mean for the world of education, and for you and me? Wikiversity is a repository of learning materials, a resource for self-study, a space for collaboration, a space in which to learn collaboratively, a space to explore about learning, a space to learn about teaching, etc. So, how does Wikiversity do all this - "how" in the sense of "by what means" - and, crucially, "by what values"..

Learning to learn a wiki way - Using wikis as tools for learning is a new and evolving social practice. If Wikiversity is to succeed, we need to learn how to make the best use of wikis for learning. This project aims to be an exemplar of how a wiki can be used for learning and to refine, develop and expand on the social practice of using wikis for learning.

See also: Wikiversity:action research

使用公开数据库的研究[编辑源代码]

The Observational astronomy learning project has activities for participants that guide them through the same process that an astronomer uses to analyze data. Participants in the Extrasolar planet project explore telescope data to find planets orbiting distant stars. The goal is to create a learning group where participants can compare notes and document the search process and to create an extended learning activity about exoplanets. No prior experience is needed; participants get step by step instructions on how to get started.

使用从维基参与者收集的资料进行的研究[编辑源代码]

Participants in the Bloom Clock track and report the bloom times of wildflowers and other plants. Bloom clocks are kept by gardeners, ecologists, and others who record the time of year different plants are in bloom. This project attempts to reduce the effects of anomalous data in an attempt to generate maps of geographical "zones" that can eventually be used when describing a plant's expected bloom time in a particular region.

不能接受的研究[编辑源代码]

原创研究五花八门,并非所有研究都符合维基学院的使命与 format。下面这些研究的例子就违反了维基学院的使命:(中文维基学院尚未就此达成共识)

  • 研究对特定产品、服务、活动、人员或其它事物的偏好,其目的违背了维基学院的教育使命的。但对于一些研究选择的关联或区别的研究也许可以接受。例如:
    • 一项研究,主题为人们对汽车品牌和机型的选择与其性别与种族的关联性 ,研究中试图包含所有可能的品牌,且研究出的模型可供所有维基学院的访问者使用的。
  • 违反维基媒体基金会政策,如隐私政策的研究。
  • 威胁或损害了维基媒体基金会及其各项目的声誉或公众形象的研究。
  • 违反法律或道德的研究。
  • Research that would normally be formally reviewed by an Institutional Review Board. (Exceptions: If a research project that includes research activities conducted within a Wikiversity website was first reviewed and approved by an existing IRB of an accredited research institution, and if the project was openly conducted according to the IRB-approved protocol, then it is likely acceptable for inclusion within Wikiversity.)

处理研究的程序[编辑源代码]

It is up to individual Wikiversity projects to decide the exact nature of their research policies - to define what research is (and what particular types of research are), and what is appropriate for that project. In particular, smaller Wikiversity projects may not feel adequately equipped (with policies and/or people) to deal with research. Therefore, each Wikiversity project must specify (before setup, or as soon thereafter as possible):

  1. What kind(s) of research it allows, and disallows
  2. Local processes for dealing with research

These can be copies or slight modifications of the policies on Beta, or of any parts of these policies. Below are a number of guidelines that each project must consider - at a minimum - in order to clarify the inclusion of research in that project. More detailed guidelines dealing with research can be found at Research Guidelines.

审查[编辑源代码]

In order to allow original research in a Wikiversity project, there must be a system of (peer) review in place. This is essentially a community-led process of flagging, discussing, modifying, and, where appropriate, deleting - see guidelines for details. In cases of significant or technical debate, a review board may be required.

标签[编辑源代码]

Research of any kind must be tagged as "research" (eg., by adding it to a category like Category:Research). Material that appears to constitute research, and that is not appropriately tagged, may be removed from the site.

出版[编辑源代码]

Research added to Wikiversity is not automatically "published" (in the traditional sense), and cannot be added as a source for other texts in Wikimedia projects (Wikipedia, Wikibooks, etc.) without the appropriate peer review process.

维基学院在支持研究当中的角色[编辑源代码]

  • 维基学院的研究旨在补充现有的传统研究方法。
  • 维基学院为项目研究的新方法提供了一个实验平台。
  • 维基学院探索促进学习及促进维基媒体基金会目标的研究活动。

适当的贡献[编辑源代码]

Research that is done on Wikiversity must be properly attributed to the participating researchers. Authorship must be clearly stated. At the English language Wikiversity it has been proposed that all editors working outside of the confines of a neutral point of view (NPOV) policy have a registered username and maintain a verified email address.


Research projects should recognize the limitations of using a Wiki, and should elaborate on how the resources offered on Wikiversity are being used. A research project should address the extent to which Wikiversity is being used as a mechanism for:

  • Sharing content
  • Communication
  • ...